Notice how soft and etherial the above paper print has. Click the link to see more examples. If you can see paper fibers, the print is on paper, and if no daguerreotype of it is found, likely was never a daguerreotype at all. Per a historian at the Pioneer Memorial Museum, Emma Smith's 1845 CDV printed too clear to have ever been a daguerreotype, they never photographed clear. The head of their photography department stated that most early photographers did BOTH paper and daguerreotypy, they had to know all knew mediums, and BOTH mediums existed in Joseph Smith's lifetime. History of paper photography here: www.britannica.com/technology/calotype
Photograph from the "Joseph Smith Papers", titles this as: "Circa 1845, photograph likely by Lucian R. Foster, copy (Church History Library, Salt Lake City)"
Paper photograph, Nauvoo- 24 March 1845, of Willard Richards, wife Jennetta and son Heber John
Above are two paper photographs. Above, left, ironically, coming from the Church History Department, is dated as 1845; this isn't a daguerreotype. Why do I think this?: it is hazy in appearance and you can see the paper fibers (which indicate that it is a salt water print). The Church History Department concludes that this was likely taken by Lucien Foster; and it doesn't look like a daguerreotype. It is highly possible, as BOTH paper photography and daguerreotypes were patented years before 1844, that Lucien Foster learned BOTH photography mediums. www.josephsmithpapers.org/person/willard-richards
The Second photograph, also appearing to be a salt water print, also believed to be by Lucien Foster. Salt Water prints had a softer, ethereal look, grainy, more "artistic". In the 1850s, paper photographs got more crisp and became more "popular", which is WHY so many are not aware that paper photographs existed as early as daguerreotypes. Calotypes were patented in 1840 by Henry Fox Talbot; his calotypes slowly gained the upper hand for being "cheaper" and being able to make multiple prints, BECAUSE it came FROM a negative and thus, came out in the "right" perspective, instead of flipped around- like daguerreotypes in fact were.
Another truth is that Talbot was from ENGLAND, and who exactly created the huge influx of Saints flowing into Nauvoo?- LDS converts from ENGLAND. So, in 1844, many saints were fresh from England, they WOULD have lived in England around the type of the new hype of Talbot, and very likely some of them knew how do to this new art (just printing the directions about daguerreotypes in 1839- one year before paper photographs were patented, people in America were doing daguerreotypes, when it had just been released by Daguerre- in France...). Considering that people in Nauvoo were rather poor, and paper photographs were cheaper, it is extremely likely that paper photography was a "thing" in Nauvoo 1845, considering that we have pretty clear images and no re-photographed daguerreotype (in the 1840s) would have come out looking as clear as the above images, and daguerreotypes did not have negatives- to be reprinted. I have yet to find daguerreotypes of the above images, let alone Emma Smith's 1845 photograph... I REALLY believe that these were ALWAYS salt water prints (calotypes). I actually know for a fact that there are people, high up, in the LDS Church History Department who don't realize that paper photographs existed before Joseph Smith died... https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=2739&context=byusq
In the 1840s, daguerreotypes cost more, came in special expensive casing. I theorize that Lucien Foster's originals are what we have above, and he was learning to do daguerreotypes along the way. (see "About the Photograph" for references and more information about the History of Photograph).
Left, IS a daguerreotype (stated to be of Willard Richards). How you can tell, it is very crisp and clear. Daguerreotypes came out clearer in some respects and more detailed than early salt water paper prints of the early 1840s, and they also got damaged VERY easily.
Emma Smith's 1845 paper photograph, which is much to clear to have been a re-photograph daguerreotype... this probably was always a paper photograph, OR... they inaccurately called paper photographs "Daguerreotypes"- being so far away from the European epicenter of this new art medium?...
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