The 1840s brought the popped down collar, but still higher up to the jaw, whereas later decades the collar got much lower. Click the link above, as it details an old 1840s magazine, showing drawings of men's clothing styles from the 1840s. 1840s Illinois Man matches more closely with the Early 1840s, thus I throw that decade into his name ;).
See my page below for a detailed analysis of Illinois Man's Jacket, Vest- all matching drawings or actual surviving clothing Joseph Smith wore. Joseph Smith died in 1844, while he was running for President of United States, he had a lot of early Saints bringing him things, giving him clothing and such, so for him to be that up to date on style was likely.
1840s Men's clothing Styles
ABOVE: Salted Paper Print, dated between 1843-1847 "John Stuart-Wortley, 2nd Baron Wharncliffe"
One of the important steps in authenticating a photograph is dating it, and one way to date a photograph is by analyzing the clothing styles of the time period. I have thoroughly studied my Illinois man’s clothing and not only have found it match clothes belonged to Joseph, but it matches to the 1840s time period. www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/2005.100.75/
Style changes from 1840s, 50s and 60s, displayed by Abraham Lincoln...
Abraham Lincoln lived in Illinois and was working in politics, just as Joseph was, he is a perfect person to compare styles to.
In the 1840s, collars were no longer popped up, as they were in the 1830s, but were popped down slightly; soft scarves, double wrapped sometimes into a soft bowtie were common. By the 1850s, those soft scarves were replaced with flat stiff bowties and by the 1860s (far right photo below of Abraham), bent down collars were VERY low on the neck, thick and bowties got MUCH smaller...
Vest courtesy of Pioneer Memorial Museum, International Society of Daughters of Utah Pioneers, photographer Debra Hatfield.
Above left is the vest worn by the Prophet, as mentioned in the above Ensign article; you can see that it is striated, just like my Illinois man's vest is, with a few oddly placed cross stiations in ironically similar locations.
The vest, was surely worn by the prophet, has very unique nuances to it: it has blue and black striations (similar striations are seen as well in my Illinois man's vest), and even has a satin sheen as seen in the close up image of the vest in the ENSIGN article. My 1840s Guy could very well be wearing this exact same vest, even some of the wrinkles in it match.
Looking at the Lapel
One evening I realized that 1840s Illinois Man's lapel matches to a drawing done of Joseph (all of my sources state that it is a drawing by Sutcliff Maudsley); the lapels are both a simple notch (unlike his often depicted blue coat that has a double notch) and have a darker upper.
This drawing of Joseph Smith, shows a similar jacket to my 1840s guy, judging how the notched lapel has a darker upper;
Possibly Joseph Smith Jr, his lapel matches the Maudsley's lithograph (done in New York apparently), showing Joseph as wearing a lapel with a near black upper on the lapel of a possibly grey, blue jacket). He probably had more than one jacket...
David Hyrum Smith (born in 1844), shown below, drowning in a very large Jacket. David's Dad was very tall, muscular man, I always thought this was his Biological Father's old Jacket. Jacket shown below also matches Maudsley's above drawing, a lot in my opinion. Both jackets have a normal notched Lapel with darker upper.
David Hyrum Smith, born 1844
David Hyrum Smith often wrote about his sadness of never knowing or meeting his deceased father. It is not unreasonable that Emma Smith would hold onto the clothing worn by her late husband, nor for her children to be photographed wearing anything once worn by their father. Emma knew how to sew very well, for her son to be wearing such an ill fitted jacket, there must have been a reason for this jacket to have not been adjusted to fit her boy, such as maintaing the integrity of a jacket worn by his father, Joseph Smith.
I could not find any images of the sons wearing similar vests, I looked and looked, that was when the impression came strongly to simply search online the words, "Vest of Joseph Smith", leading me to an old Ensign article with that above image.
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